Volatile organic pollutant charges in three steps gradually increased to the level of governance costs
Shanghai began piloting start of volatile organic (VOCs) sewage charges. Surging journalist Gao Jianping intern Peng Zhikai plans to make haze in Shanghai to charge! December 16, the Shanghai Municipal Development and Reform Commission (Municipality Price Bureau), the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Finance, the Shanghai Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau to develop a "Shanghai volatile organic pollutant charges pilot implementation approach" (referred to as "measures"), Shanghai began pilot Volatile Organic Pollutants (VOCs). Sewage charges are divided into three stages, each stage of the implementation of different charges. Shanghai Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau official told the surging news (www.thepaper.cn) reporter, volatile organic matter is the formation of haze and PM2.5 of the premise, its emissions to the atmosphere, after photochemical reaction, resulting in secondary pollution, At present, volatile organic compounds in the formation of air pollution in the largest proportion. "The term" volatile organic compounds (VOCs), refers to the specific conditions of volatile organic compounds collectively. Mainly include non-methane total hydrocarbons (alkanes, olefins, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons), oxygen-containing organic compounds (aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, ethers, etc.), halogenated hydrocarbons, nitrogen-containing organic compounds, sulfur-containing organic compounds. Shanghai VOCs sewage charges pilot industry, including petrochemical, shipbuilding, automobile manufacturing, packaging and printing, furniture manufacturing, electronics and other 12 major categories of 71 small and medium-sized industries in the industry, covering the city's industrial VOCs focus on emissions. According to the proportion of the industry's pollution discharge and supporting standards to develop the process, in the schedule on three stages: the first stage (from October 1, 2015 onwards) in the national pilot industry, based on the increase in paint ink production, Manufacturing, shipbuilding, etc. as a volatile organic pollutant charges pilot, involving a total of five categories, 13 small and medium-sized industries; the second phase (since July 1, 2016) to increase industrial coatings, industrial coatings and other industries, (From January 1, 2017) to increase the furniture manufacturing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, electronics, rubber and plastics and wood processing industries, involving a total of 12 categories, 71 (including from January 1, 2017) Small and medium-sized industries, the basic coverage of the city's key organic emissions of volatile organic industries. According to the Shanghai Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau, the volatile organic pollutant charges in three steps gradually increased to the level of governance costs. From 1 October 2015 (the first stage) charges are 10 yuan / kg, since July 1, 2016 (the second stage) charges 15 yuan / kg, since January 1, 2017 onwards (The third stage) charges 20 yuan / kg. At the same time, in order to speed up the progress of pollution control, to encourage high-level governance, according to the polluter pollution control and emission levels, the implementation of different sewage charges policy. If the emission concentration is less than or equal to 50% of the emission limit, and the environmental protection department is not punished by the environmental protection department in accordance with the requirements of Shanghai Industrial VOCs Treatment Program, 50% of the charging fee shall be collected; If the environmental pollution is required to complete the exhaust gas treatment or if the exhaust gas treatment facilities are not functioning properly or the pollutants such as excessive emissions of volatile organic matter are discharged, the sewage charges shall be collected at 2 times of the charging standard. To eliminate the backward production capacity, promote the adjustment of industrial structure, the inclusion of the state and the city restricted categories, out of the list of related enterprises (technology, equipment, products, etc.) to implement differentiated charges, and the city of different tariffs and other policies to form a concerted effort. Among them, the elimination of related enterprises according to the charging standard of 2 times the sewage charges, the restricted business-related enterprises by 1.5 times the standard charge of sewage charges. Shanghai Environmental Protection Bureau said that through the volatile organic matter (VOCs) sewage charges pilot work, can speed up the enterprises in accordance with the city's VOCs emission reduction plans and emission standards for the implementation of governance, is expected by the end of 2017 to the city's industrial VOCs emissions The total reduction of more than 50%, is conducive to further improve the quality of the city's air environment. Sewage charges use strict implementation of the "income and expenditure two lines", the collection of sewage charges all required on the state treasury, into the general public budget management, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state focus on the city's environmental pollution prevention and control related work.